GroE Mix

Supplements – Chaperones –

GroE Mix


Size Price (USD)
500 µL reaction $158.00


Size Price (USD)
2 mL x 5 reaction $2538.00

International sales of GeneFrontier's products are carried out by Cosmo Bio USA.

Ordering through the online e-commerce system is available only to customers in the USA and Canada.



GroE Mix is a supplements for PUREfrex® series (Cell-free protein Synthesis Kits) to assist proper folding and improving solubility of the protein that needs molecular chaperones for proper protein folding, since PUREfrex® series (Cell-free protein Synthesis Kits) do not contain molecular chaperones.

GroE Mix is constituted of highly purified GroEL (known as Hsp60) and GroES (working in conjunction with GroEL) from E.coli with the optimized ratio.

GroE Mix works very well with PUREfrex® series (Cell-free protein Synthesis Kits) in a same tube for protein synthesis reaction, which could lead to the preparation of your protein in proper folding with good solubility according to the character of your protein.

Figure. Effect of GroE Mix on the solubility of synthesized proteins.
(T: total reaction mixture, S: supernatant, P: precopitate fractions)

Experiment Workflow

General procedures for using PUREfrex® to synthesize functional proteins are shown in Figure.

Start by preparing the template DNA suitable to the protein synthesis with PUREfrex® and examine whether the protein of interest is synthesized. Redesign the nucleotide sequence of the template DNA if too little protein is synthesized.

Add GroE Mix as supplement to PUREfrex® reaction mixture if the solubility or activity of the synthesized protein is low.


The amounts given are for 20 µL reaction with PUREfrex®2.0. For scaling up the reaction, adjust the volume of reagents accordingly.

1. Thaw Solution I by incubation at room temperature or 37 °C for 1 minute for completely dissolving, and then cool on ice.

2. Thaw Solution II, III and GroE Mix on ice.

3. Mix Solution I, II, III and GroE Mix by vortex and centrifuge briefly to collect each solution at the bottom.

4. Assemble the reaction mixture in a tube as follows. DO NOT add GroE Mix at this step. Add the template DNA to 1 - 3 ng/µL per 1 kb.

Water 6-X μL
Solution I 10 μL
Solution II 1 μL
Solution III 2 μL
Template DNA
X μL
Total 19 μL

5. Incubate the tube at 37 °C for 15 minutes.
(To prevent an inhibition of transcription, we recommend a pre-incubation before addition of GroE Mix.)

6. Make a Two-fold dilution of GroE*1 Mix with Dilution buffer and add 1 µL to incubated tube in Step 5.

7. Incubate the tube at 37 °C for 2 - 6 hours on a heat block or a water bath.

8. Analyze the synthesized products. Please add the same amount of H2O to the reaction for the sample of SDS-PAGE.

  1. The optimum concentration of GroE Mix depends on a protein. Please use "Dilution buffer" (in the kit) to dilute the GroE mix.


Kit components   <GroE Mix>

Reagent Quantity
for 500 μL rxn
for 2 mL x 5 rxn
Description Storage *1
GroE Mix
12.5 µL 50 µL x 5 20µM GroEL, 14-mer form, and 40µM GroES, 7-mer form, from E.coli in 30% glycerol buffer (No tags)
-80 °C *2
Dilution buffer
500 µL 500 µL x 1 30% glycerol buffer
-20 °C
  1. Indicated temperature shows storage temperature after opening the kit. Please store the kit at -80 °C before opening.
  2. The rest of solution should be frozen rapidly in liquid nitrogen or dry ice/ethanol, and be stored at -80 °C. Divide into aliquots, if necessary, and avoid refreeze and thaw as much as possible.








GroE Mix is developed for in vitro research only. GroE Mix should not be used for the therapy, diagnostic or administration to animals including human and should not be used as food or cosmetics etc. To avoid the contamination of nuclease, nuclease-free-treated water, reagents and materials should be used. We also recommend wearing gloves and mask.

"PUREfrex® is Registered in U.S. Patent and Trademark Office"


On the Resources page, you can find posters and technical notes about PUREfrex®. Additionally, there are papers that use PUREfrex® or PURE system technology.

Related Products

When your protein needs an assistance of molecular chaperone or a formation of a disulfide bond to form a correct conformation, we have supplemental reagents by simply adding to PUREfrex® series.

Cell-free Protein Synthesis Kits


for Basic Research and Customized kit

Catalog No.

  • PF001-0.25-EX, PF001-0.25-5-EX


for Syntesis Proteins

Catalog No.

  • PF201-0.25-EX, PF201-0.25-5-EX


for Forming Disulfide Bonds

Catalog No.

  • PF213-0.25-EX, PF213-0.25-5-EX

Supplements – Chaperones –

These are supplement for PUREfrex® which is molecular chaperone to be aggregate-prone protein in a soluble form.

DnaK Mix


Catalog No.

  • PF003-0.5-EX

Supplements – Forming disulfide bonds –

This is supplement for synthesizing proteins containing disulfide bonds in an active form.

DsbC Set

E.coli imomerase, GSSG

Catalog No.

  • PF005-0.5-EX


Human isomerase, Ero1, GSSG

Catalog No.

  • PF006-0.5-EX


Can I synthesize eukaryotic proteins using the PUREfrex® kit?
The PUREfrex® is a reconstituted cell-free protein synthesis kit composed of E. coli ribosomes and translation factors, but eukaryotic proteins from such as mammalian and plant can also be synthesized. The productivity of the target protein may depend on the property of nucleotide sequence encoding the target protein, such as GC contents or frequency of rare codon.
How much can I synthesize the target protein using the PUREfrex® kit?
It depends on the target protein.
Dihydrofolate reductase from E.coli can be synthesized with about 600 μg per mL of the reaction.
Can I synthesize proteins of more than 100 kDa?
We have synthesized the protein of about 120 kDa using PUREfrex®.
What do you recommend the reaction condition for PUREfrex®?
We recommend that the protein synthesis using PUREfrex® is carried out at 37 °C for 2-6 hours.
Can I synthesize and purify a tagged protein?
You can use any tag, because all of protein components of PUREfrex® have no tag for purification or detection. For example, the target protein with histidine tag can be purified with metal-chelating resin by applying reaction mixture directly, after synthesizing.
Is synthesized protein modified by glycosylation or phosphorylation?
There is no post-translational modification, because PUREfrex® is constituted by translation factors only.
Does PUREfrex® contain any molecular chaperones?
PUREfrex® does not contain any chaperones, but you can add chaperones, such as Hsp70.
GeneFrontier has been developing molecular chaperones suitable for PUREfrex® kit, DnaK Mix (#PF003-0.5-EX) and GroE Mix (#PF004-0.5-Ex).
Can I synthesize a protein containing disulfide bonds with PUREfrex®?
DsbC Set (#PF005-0.5-EX) and PDI Set (#PF006-05-EX) are supplements by adding to PUREfrex® for synthesizing proteins containing a disulfide bond in an active form. PUREfrex® 2.1 (#PF213-0.25-EX) is recommended to optimize the reaction conditions.
Can I synthesize a membrane protein with PUREfrex®?
In the most of the cases, a synthesized membrane protein may form aggregates. To obtain a membrane protein inserted into a lipid bilayer, you may add a lipid bilayer such as liposome to PUREfrex® when you synthesize the membrane protein.
Can I synthesize a radiolabeled protein with [35S] methionine or [3H] leucine?
A radiolabeled protein can be synthesized by adding radioisotope-labeled amino acids, such as [35S] methionine or [3H] leucine, to PUREfrex®. The amino acid content is 0.5 mM for PUREfrex®1.0 and 2 mM PUREfrex®2.0. Please consider that point and optimize conditions for your labeling.
Can I use any promoter besides T7 promoter?
We recommend the template DNA with T7 promoter, because PUREfrex® contains T7 RNA polymerase for transcription. When you use other polymerases, please generate template DNA with the suitable promoter for the selected polymerase.
I can’t get DHFR using DHFR DNA in the kit as positive control.
1. The kit may be inactivated for some reasons. To avoid the inactivation, please store the kit at suitable temperature and divide into aliquots to reduce freeze-thaw cycles as much as possible.

2. The kit may be contaminated by nuclease. To avoid a nuclease contamination, please use nuclease-free water, reagents and materials.
I can get DHFR using DHFR DNA in the kit. But I can’t get my protein of interest or can get it with very low amount.
1. The kit may be inactivated for some reasons. To avoid the inactivation, please store the kit at suitable temperature and divide into aliquots to reduce freeze-thaw cycles as much as possible.

2. The kit may be contaminated by nuclease. To avoid a nuclease contamination, please use nuclease-free water, reagents and materials.
Sometimes the plasmid is contaminated with RNase through a plasmid preparation process. So, please confirm that RNase is removed from the plasmid.

3. The construct of template DNA may be incorrect. It is necessary to contain the sequence of T7 promoter, ribosome binding site, initiation codon, and stop codon for the template DNA for PUREfrex®.

4. Secondary structure of transcripts may prevent the translation reaction. In this case, please optimize the template sequence to solve the problem of secondary structure.